This American Land, episode 108

Check out this YouTube Video from the “This American Land” channel that talks about perennial crops and their implications. Thanks to Jerry Glover for sharing this link. The portion on perennial grains begins at 6:45, and goes until 12:02.

Link: www.youtube.com/watchv=_Fc2rvaMHh8&list=UUFrajUTrVVLHNj5ljlLXcpQ&index=9&feature=plcp

Perennial Grains are Getting Bigger

Author: Agriculture Deputy Secretary Kathleen Merrigan
Date:
 February 2011
Affiliation: USDA Blog
Excerpt: “Recently three scientists from USDA’s Agricultural Research Service– Ed Buckler, James Holland, and Brent Hulke – joined colleagues from The Land Institute, several U.S. universities, Australia, and China on a paper in the prestigious journal Science summarizing the potential benefits of perennial grains to global food security and the environment and explaining how recent advances in crop breeding may speed progress toward this challenging goal.”
Source: blogs.usda.gov/2011/02/15/perennial-grains-are-getting-bigger/

The Search For Perennial Wheat

Author: Shaun Kenney
Date:
 February 2011
Affiliation: ShaunKenney.com 
Abstract: A new variety of crop called “perennial wheat” has been in the process of development for many years. Researchers have reached a hopeful stage and perennial wheat may be ready for cultivation soon. Unlike the annual varieties of wheat, which can give yield only for one year, the perennial wheat can grow annual crop successively for about 7 years. Researchers at the Michigan State University have been at the work for several years now and they are now hopeful about their success.
Source: shaunkenney.com/2011/02/the-search-for-perennial-wheat/

Perennial Grains Food Security for the Future

Author: Jerry D. Glover and John P. Reganold
Date: 2009, Issues in Science and Technology
Affiliation: The Land Institute and Washington State University
Abstract: Adding perennial grains to our agricultural arsenal will give farmers more choices in what they can grow and where, while sustainably producing food for the growing population.
Source: http://www.issues.org/26.2/glover.html 

Perennial Wheat: A new option for organic and sustainable farm systems

Author: Sieglinde Snapp, Steve Culman, Lee DeHann, John Green, Stephen Jones, Janet Lewis, Vicki Morrone, Dan Rossman, Martin Nagelkirk, Scott Swinton, Sienna Tinsley, Anne Weir
Affiliation: 
Michigan State University, Michigan State University Extension, The Land Institute, and Washington State University
Abstract: A new perennial crop is being explored for opportunities on organic and sustainable farms. The overall goal to grow this crop is to improve farms and protect the environment (Glover et al., 2010). Successful establishments crop requires it to be replanted only once in three years (see figure below). As a perennial crop, it provides greater soil coverage and an extensive rooting system, compared to an annual grain. These factors are the foundation for building soil in organic farming. The perennial wheat team integrates the work from plant breeders, economists, cropping systems scientists and ecologists with farmers and Extension educators to identify useful plant lines and management approaches with the greatest potential for success in a Upper Midwest organic farm systems. The team has set a goal to find stable varieties within five years, depending on plant regrowth and seed production. We are evaluating this crop for multiple uses including grain, forage and environmental services.
Source: pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/pwheat-extension-poster1.pdf

Perennial Grains in Washington

Affiliation: Washington State University
Abstract: This brief presentation notes some of the qualities and traits of perennial wheat grown research from Washington State University – compares yields and regrowth of annual versus perennials.
Source: http://pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/washington-perennial-wheat-study1.pdf 

KBS Perennial Wheat Variety Trials – 2010 Data

Author: Kellogg Biological Station
Date:
 2010
Affiliation: Michigan State University, Kellogg Biological Station
Abstract: This presentation summarizes the data collected for the 2009-2010 growing season of 15 lines of perennial wheat seed and several annual checks with seed provided by Washington State and The Land Institute, grown at MSU Kellogg Biological Station.
Source: http://pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/pw-nursery-presentation-kbs20111.pdf

Kernza Ecosystem Services Trial

Author: Mark Freeman, John Green, Bree Shufford, Dan Kane, Emily May, John Crispin, Lacey Culbertson
Date:
 2011
Affiliation: Michigan State University
Abstract: Is perenniality or management a larger driver of soil ecosystem services?
Source: http://pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/pw-ecosystem-services-20111.pdf

Perennial wheat at MSU

Author: Lab of Professor Snapp
Date:
 2011
Affiliation: Michigan State University, Kellogg Biological Station
Abstract: This presentation presents data on perennial wheat studies at Michigan State, including examples of crops grown in Malawi, Africa.
Source: http://pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/pw-ecosystem-services-20111.pdf

Perennial Wheatgrass at Beltsville Agricultural Research Center

Author: Jude Maul
Affiliation: USDA-ARS – Sustainable Agriculture Systems Lab
Abstract: This presentation illustrates research conducted on perennial grasses in the Maryland area – specifically looking to answer if soybeans can be used as a mid-summer weed control and source of fertility (nitrogen) in fall for perennial grains.
Source: http://pwheat.anr.msu.edu/upload_max_filesize=32m/2012/01/Beltsville-perennial-wheat1.pdf